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Today, women earn a relatively low percentage of computer science degrees and holdproportionately few technical computing jobs. Meanwhile, the stereotype of the male "computergeek" seems to be everywhere in popular culture. Few people know that women were a significantpresence in the early decades of computing in both the United States and Britain. Indeed,programming in postwar years was considered woman's work (perhaps in contrast to the more manly taskof building the computers themselves). In Recoding Gender, Janet Abbate exploresthe untold history of women in computer science and programming from the Second World War to thelate twentieth century. Demonstrating how gender has shaped the culture of computing, she offers avaluable historical perspective on today's concerns over women's underrepresentation in the field.Abbate describes the experiences of women who worked with the earliest electronic digital computers:Colossus, the wartime codebreaking computer at Bletchley Park outside London, and the AmericanENIAC, developed to calculate ballistics. She examines postwar methods for recruiting programmers,and the 1960s redefinition of programming as the more masculine "software engineering."She describes the social and business innovations of two early software entrepreneurs, Elsie Shuttand Stephanie Shirley; and she examines the career paths of women in academic computer science.Abbate's account of the bold and creative strategies of women who loved computing work, excelled atit, and forged successful careers will provide inspiration for those working to change genderedcomputing culture.
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