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SYNOPSIS FOR INTER-AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT VOL 1 Inter-African development is possible through an array of alternative strategies. CHAPTER 1 Addresses land use and management in Africa In Africa, land use has become one of the most seriously contested problems ever to be reckoned in the history of Africa. Land is both security and economic confidence for the many landless or marginalized persons in the world. African governments' concerns should be obligatory in finding lasting solutions to resolve issues of land degradation resulting from human activities and land management. How then do we frame land issues? the issues that can be addressed are such as ecological foot prints and tragedy of the commons. Therefore, African countries need to harness reforestation programs in order to subdue the ever-increasing risks posed by global warming and desert encroachment. CHAPTER 2 addresses the history of grabbing fertile lands. The history of land extortion dates back to Europe and continued in Africa through colonial era. Land grabbing has its economic implications: Access to land and violent conflicts in Africa have economic as well as political implications. Thus, because of the economic and political implications, Land represents security and economic confidence. Therefore, reforms in land ownership must be implemented so that the landless may also have a share in land tenureship. CHAPTER 3 addresses democracy and economic development issues towards sustainability as well as identifying culprits of development retardation. CHAPTER 4 addresses IADF strategies for regional economic development CHAPTER 5 addresses development modalities. Modalities that need to be adopted by African governments are such as: import substitution model strategies, export lead growth industrialization, emulation of Chile's example, Mexico's example, the adoption of India's software industry style, Japan's Export Growth Model, importance of an Industry's location, and other infrastructural development modalities. CHAPTER 6 addresses issues arising from economies that are driven without democracy and security. CHAPTER 7 addresses the importance of approaching sustainable development with single currency CHAPTER 8 addresses the benefits of single currency CHAPTER 9 addresses the importance of printing single currency within Africa. CHAPTER 10 lays emphasis upon how assets for banking system through IADF should be implemented. CHAPTER 11 addresses how establishing free trade can impact economic growth in neighbouring countries. One of the modalities of approaching such trading policies is the Harmonization of consumer price indices. CHAPTER 12 addresses harmonization of continental trade indices with emphasis on Terms of trade, which is an index of the price of a country's exports in terms of its imports. "The terms of trade are said to improve if that index rises" CHAPTER 13 addresses modalities for harmonizing trade indices. Trade harmonization is an equal treatment among trading partners. CHAPTER 14 addresses how world trade affects poor nations' economy and how to avert from goods dumping. CHAPTER 15 addresses how trade imbalances defined by unfair trade. CHAPTER 16 addresses issues pertaining to trade-related intellectual property rights (TRIPS) CHAPTER 17 addresses Political issues with emphasis on Governance issues and Guidance. CHAPTER 18 addresses theories behind the Inter-African development fund (IADF) CHAPTER 19 addresses issues as to whether an all-African senate political system will help solve Africa's political instabilities? CHAPTER 20 lays emphasis on infrastructure development and how this will impact economic development. CHAPTER 21 addresses as to whether governments are part of the problems and solutions? CHAPTER 22 add